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Sunday, February 9, 2020 | History

2 edition of Richard II and the English nobility. found in the catalog.

Richard II and the English nobility.

A. Tuck

Richard II and the English nobility.

  • 59 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14559092M

In there was a major political crisis, and a group of the nobility - called The Lords Appellant - seized control of government and prosecuted a number of Richard's advisers. On 20 December they intercepted de Vere at Radcot Bridgewhere he was routed and forced to flee the country. But it is the rapid fall of Richard II, from his position as a secure, wealthy and respected monarch that sheds the most light on the reality of medieval power. The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Dorset, datedwhich includes "Aluina que fuit uxor Drogonis de Monte Acuto est de donatione domini regis", adding that "est in custodia Alani Basset per Regem Johannem et est maritanda et terra sua in Pideltun valet xx. Richard left Irish affairs in a state of flux and in no way enhanced the long term position of the English crown.

ADAM de Audley -after Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll datedstates that "the families of Longchamp and Lacy had, it seems, intermarried" [55]. First, his marriage to Elizabeth Woodville, which had led to the disaffection of the Earl of Warwick, the chief support of the Yorkists, was a continuing source of trouble, for he tended to favor her relatives at the expense of the Nevilles and other families, the members of which had favored the Yorkist cause. Holinshed links him with Buckingham as one whom Richard first considered as "easie to handle. Again, Richard II is so self-absorbed that he fails to see that there are many currents and movements in society which exist outside his own world. Richard's personal faith blossomed in the s and a number of artefacts survive from this time, such as the Wilton Diptych, many gifts to the shrine of St.

The English lordships in Ireland were in danger of being overrun and so the Anglo-Irish lords pleaded for the king to intervene. She married secondly William de Say. Never before had such a massive popular rising been seen. There is evidence that, on some manors, long defunct villein dues were brought back to counter the effects of the labour shortage. The king's authority had been fatally undermined as the narrow power base of his administration had nothing to fall back on. Here Richard himself had prepared an elaborate tomb, where the remains of his wife Anne were already entombed.


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Richard II and the English nobility. book

She married secondly before William Rithre Lord Rithre. He identified himself as one who would outdo Machiavelli — that is, as a super-Machiavelli — in his efforts to win the crown of England. Galbraithwho argued that there was no historical basis for such a diagnosis, [] a line that has also been followed by later historians of the period, like Anthony Goodman and Anthony Tuck.

Chaucer's work and use of the English language are legacies of Richard's reign despite the king, not because of his actions; however 'cultured' his court became Richard neglected some of the major trends of his age.

For a prince who sought to raise the monarchy above human restraints it was an inauspicious start. Stranded in Ireland with no means of returning to Wales and then England, Richard had to watch while the greatest nobles of the land deserted him to join Bolingbroke.

Shakespeare followed his sources in depicting Henry as the God-sent savior of England. Stubbs argued that towards the end of his reign, Richard's mind "was losing its balance altogether".

The Reign of Richard II, 1377 to 1399

He was one of the founder members of the Order of the Garter [55]. It was said that on solemn festivals Richard would sit on his throne in the royal hall for hours without speaking, and anyone on whom his eyes fell had to bow his knees to the king.

At court, he insisted on being called Majesty. A traditionalist who is loyally devoted to the crown, he is deeply upset by any kind of treason against the crown. The Abasement and Revival of the Monarchy, GAMAL -after There was no great upheaval in society.

The question remained whether or not the substance could match the facade. Bolingbroke then swore loyalty to the king in parliament and the king ruled that, unless the truth could be proven, the matter could only be settled on the field of battle between the two dukes. And he built up a great retinue.

He raised men in Cheshire, caught the Appellants off guard and tried them in parliament. He was created Earl of Gloucester 16 Mar In the play, this faction is represented by her brother, Earl Rivers, and her two sons by her first husband, the Marquis of Dorset and Lord Grey.

Henry Bolingbroke proclaimed himself king and took the throne as Henry IV. There was nothing particularly unusual about what was happening in England.

Shakespeare, Richard II and Rebellion

It shows how the differing abilities and personalities of the late medieval English kings powerfully affected their relationship with the nobility. Just as the Black Death shook the foundations of society from below, so the fall of Richard II and subsequent Wars of the Roses would redefine it from above.

Fifteen life-size statues of kings were placed in niches on the walls, and the hammer-beam roof by the royal carpenter Hugh Herland"the greatest creation of medieval timber architecture", allowed the original three Romanesque aisles to be replaced with a single huge open space, with a dais at the end for Richard to sit in solitary state.

Educated in a European style for the first four years of his life, Richard would bring a new sense of class and civility to the English throne.

His exercise of kingship from now on was more skilful than before, and he chose his advisers more carefully, but his aims were always the same: the fashioning of a stronger monarchy, the reassertion of hierarchy, and the insistence on obedience by his subjects.Written inRichard II occupies a significant place in the Shakespeare canon, marking the transition from the earlier history plays dominated by civil war and stark power to a more nuanced representation of the political conflicts of England's past where character and politics are inextricably intertwined.

It is the first of four connected plays--including 1 Henry IV,/5. Jan 13,  · Richard III is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in approximately The play is an unflattering depiction of the short reign of Richard III of England.

While generally classified as a history, as grouped in the First Folio, the play is sometimes called a 4/5. Sep 19,  · Title page of Richard II, from the fifth quarto, published in BOLINGBROKE returns to GAUNT’s castle where ROSS and WILLOUGHBY are holding prisoner two of. Despite his tyrannical behavior, Richard is defended by many as God's chosen ruler.

But, having created a rift in the nobility that will continue to fester for a hundred years, Richard has also set in motion the events that may cost him the crown. Written entirely in verse, /5(2). Catalogue Search for "II," Richard II and the English nobility.

Previous; Next > Richard II and the English nobility. Tuck, Anthony. Book. English. Published London: Edward Arnold, Available at Campus Store. Campus Store – 1 available: /RIC-TUC Barcode Shelfmark. Richard II / Modern English ; Richard II / At Windsor Castle, Richard II just wants to chill out and enjoy the benefits of being a king who (almost) everyone thinks has been handpicked by God to rule England.

Meanwhile, Richard and his crew have arrived at Harlech Castle, on the coast of sylvaindez.comd is grateful to be back on British.